Niacin is a water-soluble vitamin, and niacin liquid supplements can help the processes of this nutrient which is also known as nicotinic acid or by Vitamin B3.
Niacin has many important factors in the formation of co-enzymes.
Nicotinamide is the derivative of niacin and is used by the body to form co-enzymes.
As many as 200 enzymes require niacin co enzymes and functions most often in energy producing reactions involving the degradation (catabolism) of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and alcohol.
The NADP (the most important of the niacin co enzyme functions) functions more often in biosynthesis (anabolic) reactions such as in the synthesis of all macro-molecules, including fatty acids and cholesterol.
Deficiency of niacin,in severe cases, is known as pellagra. Early records of pellagra followed the widespread cultivation of corn in Europe in the 1700's.
The disease was generally associated with poorer social classes whose dietary staple consisted of cereals like corn or sorghum.
However, pellagra was also common in the southern United States in the early 1900's where income was low and corn products were again a major dietary stable.
The most common form of niacin deficiency involves the skin, digestive system, and the nervous system.
The symptoms of pellagra where often referred to as the four D's; Dermatitis, Diarrhea, Dementia, and Death.
Because of the above 90% absorption ratio of liquid vitamins into the bodies system, as compared to 20% to 25% of regular pills or caplets, they can play a major preventive role in niacin deficiency.
In the skin, a thick scaly, darkly pigmented rash develops symmetrically in the areas exposed to sunlight.
The word "pellagra" comes from the Italian phrase for rough or raw skin. The symptoms related to the digestive systems include a bright red-tongue, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Neurological symptoms include headaches, fatigue, apathy, depression, memory loss, and disorientation.
If untreated, pellagra is usually fatal.
Causes of niacin deficiency may result from inadequate dietary intake of niacin, but can easily be eliminated in taking the recommended dosage of niacin or Vitamin 3.
Good sources of niacin include yeast, meat, poultry, red fishes (tuna & salmon), cereals (especially those fortified) milk, green leafy vegetables, coffee and tea.
Niacin supplements are also available Niacin supplements are also available as nicotinamide or nicotinic acid.
Nicotinamide is in the form of niacin typically used in nutritional supplements and in food fortification. Nicotinic acid is available over the counter and with a prescription.
There are several very good brands available of niacin liquid supplements, but always use a well known and trusted brand.